October 2007

Genealogy Long Distance

Wherever you are in the world, you can continue to do genealogy research as long as you have access to the internet. If you have a valid library card, and can access your public library over the internet, you can find the databases you are used to using there. I frequently use Heritage Quest through my local library for census informa-tion. Of course there are hundreds of other sites available on the internet.

During the month of July while I was in Greece I did some research, sent out some inquiries and responded to emails from people who had discovered my website and wanted to make contact. In August the family where I was staying in Athens lost their internet service which forced me to go to the internet cafe to answer email and do my blog. The blog took time to update and since I was paying for time, I did little research in August. There were, nevertheless, a few interesting contacts over the summer.

I have been trying to expand my contacts with descendants of Betsy Douglass Flewelling’s branch of the family. I have sent several emails to Idaho but have not received a response as yet regarding Elizabeth Blackman. My inquiry regarding one of her brother’s, William E. Blackman’s, wives brought a much more timely response.

The volunteer in Ravalli county, Montana, reported there was no obituary as I had requested, only a death notice. She forwarded the short notice which read: Ruby Jo Blackman, 94, of Corvallis, died Wednesday, July 2, 1997, at the North Valley Health Care Center in Stephensville. Arrangements are under the direction of the Daly-Leach Chapel in Hamilton.

That was all. Not a lot to go on, but I now had the name of the funeral home and could try calling there to see if I could get some information from them, specifically, names and locations of any descendants and where Ruby is buried. Since Ruby died at age 94, was living in a nursing home, and there was no obituary, it could mean there are no family survivors.

William E. Blackman allegedly had three wives. I do not know where Ruby came in the sequence but I suspect that she was his last. In the 1930 census he was married to Lillian, and one of the databases on Rootsweb has him married to Laura in 1939, but I have no documentation to verify this marriage. However, when I tried to trace Ruby back to her childhood, I learned enough about her to suspect that she had married at least once before she married Blackman. Now I just need to find documentation to justify my suspicion.

Related to other contacts over the summer, I am grateful to those who sign my Guest Book, even when they do not leave a message, because it indicates that having my website on the internet provides a service. Every so often someone signs who I have had no contact with previously. That tells me that internet search engines are finding names of interest to them and bringing them to my website. We may or may not correspond; the information I have gathered is nevertheless shared and that is the primary purpose that I collect it. That and the FUN I have looking for the information.

Now that I am home and back into my normal routine, you can look forward to more discoveries in future Digests. If you did not access my blog to read about my activities in Greece, or if you missed some entries, you can find that blog in its entirety at www.ingallsingreece.blogspot.com. When the website opens, you will see a box to the right, listing my blog entries by month. Click on the month you want to read. The entries appear in reverse order on the page, so if you want to read them in sequence, start at the bottom of the page first. My last entry was September 24th. I have decided not to continue the blog, as the primary purpose was to keep you abreast of my activities while I was in Greece for the summer. Hope you enjoyed reading about my adventures. ###

A couple items of interest:

1) Ellen Hackett in an August 15, 2006 posting on Rootsweb, responding to interest in DNA testing, pointed out that if one is testing only for Pictish DNA to prove real Scottish identity, one will be missing the majority of real Scots. First of all, Scotland was named after the Irish tribe the Scotii who traversed the Irish sea in coracles and settled on the West coast lowlands so were really Irish. Secondly, Scotland, (originally Caledonia) was populated by four separate and distinct tribes who were kept separate by the geographics of the country. The Picts were only a lowland tribe whose existence was recorded by the Romans who frequently had dealings with them on the Scottish borders, hence the existence of Hadrians wall. (These are her remarks; I have little knowledge of early Scottish derivation but I found what she had to say very interesting – ELI)

2) From the April 20, 2005 issue of Rootsweb Review: “Shirttail Cousin” is an ambiguous term. It can refer to distant blood relatives, but more commonly it means family members who have no blood relationship but are connected somehow through marriage.


June 2007

Ernsthausens in Ohio

I continue to research the family of Thomas Moore and Sarah Harrison (Catherine branch). You may remember that I learned that the Moores married in Canada, moved to Ottawa county, Ohio, and thirty years later to Gratiot county, Michigan.

When at first I found death records for Sarah and Thomas Moore in Toledo, I was suspicious but eventually confirmed they had both died in Toledo. So who else in the family was in Toledo then? Otherwise why would they have returned there?

The Hacksteddes of that generation were all in Toledo, but Caroline Moore Hackstedde had died long before and her widowed husband remarried. Perhaps the Moores were living with grandchildren, but I only knew of the Hackstedde grandchildren. I still did not know what had happened to several of Tom and Sarah’s daughters.

There is a website called Random Acts of Kindness on the internet and that is exactly what it is. Volunteers sign up specifically for an area where they live or have records for and will look up individual pieces of information, for free, or for simply cost of postage. Many can scan info and send it to one by email.

I contacted the volunteer for Gratiot county, Michigan and asked for a copy of the obituary for Tom and Sarah’s son, Edward Moore. He lived in that county for fifty years so I was pretty sure there would be an obituary. In time I received a copy of the obituary and it gave me my next clues. His surviving sisters were listed as Mrs. Frank Oberlin, Bannister (MI), Mrs. Ida Earnsthausen, Toledo, Mrs. Lillian Earnsthausen, Toledo, Mrs. Gertie Griffith, Beaumont, TX, and Mrs. Sylvia Brennan, Long Beach, CA. (My first thought was: “So her name was Lillian.” The 1900 census had Lailly and her birth certificate said Libbie).

It was intriguing that both Ida and Lillian had the same surname. A search of the census for Earnsthausen found nothing. So I tried spelling it Ernsthausen. That brought up ten or eleven families, all of whom lived in the State of Ohio. I could find no one of the appropriate age on the index, but there was one Ida Ernsthausen. When I looked at that record, I realized that this Ida Ernsthausen was our Ida Ernsthausen’s mother-in-law, with the same given name! The older Ida, a widow, ran a large boarding house and her son, Robert, with his wife, Ida, lived there. So now I had the name of one of the Moore daughters’ husbands. In time I learned the name of the other: Arthur. In the 1910 census the older matriarch reported that she had born 7 children and only the 2 were living. This lady continued to run her boarding house for many years. When she died the house evidently passed into the hands of her son or sons, as that is where Sarah Harrison Moore was living when she died – 714 Walnut Street, Toledo!

Arthur and Lillian do not appear to have had any children, but I can not find them in the 1920 census. In 1910, Arthur was working on the railroad and may have been transferred to another location. At that time, Lillian, 29, reported she had no children.

Robert and Ida Ernsthausen had two daughters. Robert was working as a plumber in 1910, a grocery store proprietor in 1920 and foreman at a stock and grain farm in 1930. In 1930 both sons and their wives were living with their mother in the boarding house, though she had slightly fewer boarders than in earlier years.

Preliminary research to find Gertie Moore Griffith of Beaumont, TX, has led to no strong clues. It is unusual to list a woman as Gertie in an obituary unless she was known by and consistently used that name. Her birth certificate says Mary Gertrude, but there is a notation on the record that it has been corrected and the corrected version must be housed in a different volume, which I did not find in the library. I find no death record in Texas for her, and Texas has put their death records for that era online, but I did find a death record for Mary Griffith, who died in 1966 in Clinton county, Michigan. The only way to settle this is to get her obituary. She could have moved back to Michigan before she died; it is not uncommon for people to move “home” in their later years.

Augusta Moore married Frank Oberlin and lived out her life in Bannister, Michigan. She has children and grandchildren, many of whom are still living but with whom I have no contact at this time.

Sylvia Moore married Bill Brennan and in 1920, they too were boarding with Mrs. Ernsthausen. Bill was a railroad switchman. At some point they moved to California, and that is where they were living when Sylvia died in 1968, age 74. I find no record that they had any children.

There is, however, listed with Tom and Sarah Moore, in the census of 1910 a grandson, Roy K. Moore, age 1 1/2, no indication as to who his mother is. There were four single daughters in the household at that time. I have not seen his name again.

In the 1910 census Sarah Harrison Moore reported that she had born 8 children and 7 were living. Now that I have determined that all of the younger daughters were living, that means that the child that died was Thomas D. Moore, their only other son besides Edward. I have not found a death record for him yet, but I have narrowed down the time period. He died between 1900 and 1910, in his early twenties. My first suspect for his demise would be consumption.

Lineage of the Moore children-5, Sarah Moore-4, Catharine Harrison-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1

To see an outline of this family go to the family tree for the Catherine branch and scroll down about halfway.

May 2007

Those Who Have Served Us

The month of May always brings for me the memory of my mother collecting flowers to take to the cemetery on Memorial Day. Today we note Memorial Day more often for it parades and its retail store sales. Going to the cemetery has lost some of its prominence for our families in part because many of us live some distance from the graves of our departed family members.

Somehow it just seems right about this time of the year to remember those who have served us by defending our country. I have been collecting a list of names of those who served in the various wars and while I can not guarantee that it includes all family members, it does give us an opportunity to see how many men and women have given a part of their lives for us. If you know of others I need to add to my list, please let me know.

Revolutionary War Jul 1776-Apr 1783

John Douglass

War of 1812 Jun 1812-Dec 1814

Alexander Douglass

James Douglass

Luther Cady

Civil War 1862-1865

Albert M. Ash – Co. K, 5th NY Light/Heavy Artillery, 9/1862 – 1865

Alfred Clemons – Co. C, 186th NY Inf., 8/23/64-6/7/65

Leander Douglass – Co. C, 110th NY Inf., 8/6/62-10/19/63

Ozander Douglass – Co. H, 10th NY Heavy Artillery, 2/2/64 – 7/6/65

Henry McAfee – Co. H, 186th NY Inf., 12/23/63 – 8/16/1865

James W. Plumb – Co. E, 10th NY Heavy Artillery, 8/27/1864 – 6/26/1865

Douglas Cramer – Co. K, 3rd MN Infantry, 1861-1862, 1863-1865

Samuel F. Cramer – Co. E, 49th WI Infantry, Jan. 1865-Nov. 1865

Calvin Crosby – Co. E, 49th WI Infantry, Jan 1865-Nov. 1865

George Teel – Co. A, 6th Iowa Infantry, 25th WI Infantry

Spanish American War Apr-Dec 1898

Carl Douglass

Charles Wilcox Douglas

Ernest Flewelling – Co. B, 34th MI Volunteers

John S. King

World War I April 1914-Nov 1918 (A.E.F.)

Frank Dunham – (Leander Douglass’ grandson)

Carl Douglass – US Army (Fred Douglass’ nephew)

Harold Lane – US Navy

Peter A.B. Widener – US Army (Gertrude Douglas’ husband)

Harlon G. Walrath – US Army

Thomson Douglas – US Army Air Corps (Curtis Douglas’ son)

Cecil Douglass – US Army (Battery E, Field Artillery)

Edwin S. Douglass – US Army (Gerry Douglass’ father)

Dr. E. Martin Ding – US Army (Medical Corps)

Harvey Decker – (Catherine Flewelling Scrivener’s gr’son)

Alfred Taylor – (Minerva French Taylor’s son)

George C. Teel – US Navy


World War II Dec 1941 – Aug 1945

Edward Campbell – Royal Canadian Army, Major 1941-45

Julie Carey Douglass – WAAF (Alaska)

James Cruickshank – US Army

Leslie Daniels * – US Army

Douglas S. Detlie – US Army (Corps of Engineers)

Clyde Dick – US Navy

Margaret Dick Peyton *- WAVES

William Dick – US Navy

Dr. P. Martin Dings – US Army (Medical Corps)

Donald C. Douglas – US Army

Jack Douglas – US Army (Philippines)

Jim Flansburg – US Navy

Arthur Lagendyk – US Navy

Royal Lane – US Navy (engineer, auxilliary ships) (1913-1949)

Bruce A. Lee – US Navy (Leila Clemons Lee’s grandson)

Louis M. Lee – US Marine Corps (gunner, battleship SS South Dakota)

Kathleen Dell Mauck – WAVES (Cabot Ward Low’s wife)

Clark McAfee – US Navy

Harry O. Newcomer – US Army

Edith Gilmore Weeks * – WAVES

Rollo Pietro – US Navy

Nigel Pilcher – Royal Canadian Army, Major (Queens Own Rifles 1939-)

Robert Stitt – US Navy

Clyde Stone – US Navy

Harlon C. Walrath – US Navy

Charles Woolworth – US Navy Air Corps

Gilbert Woolworth * – US Navy Air Corps

* denotes WWII veteran still living (in May 2007)


Korean War Jun 1950-Jul 1953

Leonard Garnsey US Navy (Ed Clark’s nephew)


Viet Nam Aug 1964-Jan 1973

Bryan Douglas – US Navy (1948-1982)

Robert Eveleigh – US Air Force

Richard Stevens – US Army

Richard Hardy – US Air Force (1930-1968)


Persian Gulf War Jan-Feb 1991

Robert Schroy – US Army

Iraq Mar 2003-

Eric Stevens – US Army


The Toronto World, September 13, 1918

Included in a column entitled More Toronto Men Among Casualties

Lieut. Benjamin E. Tassie, reported to have died of wounds, left Canada with the rank of captain, but reverted in order to gain active service at the front. His widow resides at 103 Madison Ave.”

Benjamin Tassie was married to Elizabeth “May” Mayberry on June 3, 1911 in Brant County, Ontario. He was the son of Alexander and Wilhelmina Tassie of Toronto.

Lt. Benjamin Bertchael Eager Tassie died Sept. 3, 1918, age 31, 1st Bn., Canadian Infantry, (Western Ontario Regiment). He is buried in Bac-Du-Sud British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France.

Location: Bailleulval is a village in the Department of the Pas-de-Calais about 13 kilometres south-west of Arras, and the Bac-Du-Sud British Cemetery is one kilometre west of the village on the north side of the main road from Arras to Doullens (N25)

(Lineage: May-6, Charles A.-5, Matilda Mayberry-4, Lydia-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)

April 2007

Dorothy Sugden, M.D.

It seems I can not help but trip over the many physicians in our family but this was a surprise. I was trying to find Dorothy Sugden, youngest daughter of Dr. C.E. Sugden (Lydia branch). Dorothy was born in Winnipeg but the trail seemed to be leading towards the U.S. Her sister, Isabel, married Malcolm Charleson, a commercial artist, in 1916 and they moved to Chicago in 1919. By the time that I had ascertained that this Malcolm Charleson was really the one Isabel married, I suspected that Russell Sugden, her brother, was also in the Chicago area but the clues I had did not fit well and I was still examining those when I came across a census listing for Dorothy. At first I thought it said she boarded with a doctor, but when I accessed the film itself, I found quite a different situation than I first envisioned.

In 1930, Dorothy, 24, was living with other staff persons in Highland Park Hospital, north of Chicago. This was a small 20-bed hospital, the first hospital to be found north of Evanston. There were several trained nurses, an x-ray technician, various support staff and one medical doctor: Dorothy Sugden. All of the staff were female except for the man who did the hospital laundry.

I was surprised, but I guess I should not have been. Dorothy’s father was a doctor. He died in 1924 when she was 19. Her mother had died a few years before that. I did not find Dorothy in the 1920 US census, but this new listing explained why. She did not emigrate to the US until 1929, probably when she got the position with the hospital. I do not know yet where she studied for her medical degree. And I suspect that she married and her name changed as I can not find any record of her after the 1930 census.

The small Highland Park Hospital was only a few miles from Evanston where Malcolm and Isabel lived in 1930. It opened in August 1918 with 10,000 sq. ft. of space and was considered “thoroughly modern” at the time. Today it has 450,000 sq. ft. and is part of the huge health network of the area. For a picture of the hospital in 1930, click here.

Chicago was a great drawing card for the medical profession. Witness the many members of the Robert branch of the family who worked there as doctors or nurses. In 1930 Dr. Frank Douglass was practicing in Chicago. Dr. Wm. Timmer (Zella’s widower) practiced in Cicero, west side. Did they know of Dr. Dorothy? Hard to say. Her father was second cousin to Dr. Frank Douglass, and as I have mentioned before, we keep track of our first cousins and sometimes their childen, our second cousins, but after that, unless we make a real effort, we lose track.

This is why they say if you are in a room with 40 strangers, you are likely related to at least one of them.


Tartan Plaids and Haggis

Do you know where your kilt is? Have you attended the Scottish games? Worn a kilt for a friend’s wedding? Watched the Parade of the Tartans in New York City in April during Tartan Week?

At most of the Scottish Games or the events dedicated to the Scottish ethnicity, along with kilts and the ‘pipes, you will likely also find haggis. These edibles have come to be associated with the Scottish culture. Those who produce them in the United States have Americanized the product for American tastes, but the real haggis are a very interesting concoction. The Scots were frugal people and used ALL of the sheep. Haggis are essentially ground internal organs, including the liver and lungs, spiced and stuffed into intestinal casings, similar to our link sausages, but with their own unique taste. Next time you hear the ‘pipes, try the haggis. They probably will not be like the ones in Scotland but it could be fun to sample a bit of Scottish tradition. Who knows? You might like it.


Documentation By Death Certificate

I delayed the Digest this month because I was going to the Ohio Genealogical Society conference in Columbus on the 14th and I thought I might learn something there that would be interesting to share with you.

One of the services provided at the conference was the opportunity to print off an Ohio death certificate for someone on your family tree. I went with a list of death certificate numbers and came home with seven certificates. Two of them turned out not to be members of our family, so I have offered them to others on Rootsweb.com.

I was gratified to see on Mrs. Sarah Jane Moore’s certificate that she was indeed the daughter of Catherine Douglass and Henry Harrison. I needed the death certificate to verify it was her because the last record I had for her, she was living in Michigan. She died in Toledo, Ohio, at age 89. While I knew her youngest daughter, Sylvia, had married William Brennan in Toledo, Sylvia died in California, and I do not know of any other of Sarah’s children in Toledo.

Sometimes a death certificate will list the name of the relative who supplies information for the certificate. In this case, the informant was listed as a staff member of the funeral home. I have one more clue to follow up. If I can find a 1940 Toledo Directory, I can look up who was living at 714 Walnut St., Sarah’s residence when she died.

I also got a death certificate for Sarah’s daughter, Caroline Hackstedde, and her husband Henry. Caroline died in 1916, at age 39 of tuberculosis and Henry married twice more. He died in 1949 at age 66. For their family tree click here.

Lineage: Caroline Hackstedde-5, Sarah Moore-4, Catherine Harrison-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1

March 2007

Other Scientists in the Family

I have written often of the many physicians we have had in the Douglass family and we know most of the early Douglass generations in the United States were farmers, but I have not written much about scientists. One of the reasons for that is that I did not know about many scientists in fields other than medicine.

Recently I have become aware of several people in the extended family that worked in the field of mining or as in the case of Earl Douglass, (Feb 2007) in geology.

George Harrison Roseveare was born in Sibwa, Michigan, to Joseph Roseveare and Olivia Harrison. The Roseveares moved from Michigan to Arizona about the same time as Olivia’s oldest sister, Ida, and her husband Kirkby Townsend did (ca 1907). Joseph worked in a creamery and later bought a 150 acre farm. The Roseveares had two sons, George and William. Both of their sons went to the University of Arizona and received degrees, George in Metallurgical Engineering and William in Chemistry.

I did not find as much about William as I did for George. George was listed in American Men and Woman of Science, 1971-1973. After getting his B.S. George worked in a series of mines as chemist or shift supervisor, gradually working his way up to supervisory roles. He got a degree in Mine Administration in 1929 and worked one-two years at a time at various small mines in California, Nevada, Arizona and Utah. In 1945, he became Professor of Metallurgical Engineering at University of Arizona and continued in that capacity for the next 29 years. He was recognized as an expert in the field of copper flotation and ore analysis. He was known for his consultant work with small copper producers.

It is significant that both of these brothers went to college and got degrees. Their father, Joseph, born in Southill, Cornwall, England, at age 18 worked his way to America on a cattle boat (ca 1890). Unfortunately he died in 1913 and did not get to celebrate his sons’ accomplishments. After Joseph’s death, Olivia rented out the farm and moved to the Phoenix area. George rode a bicycle 3 1/2 miles to Phoenix Union high school. Riding a bicycle to school is not a different experience from that of many of our grandfathers, but in the 1920s not that many sons graduated from college, especially when they had a widowed mother to help support. Much of the emphasis on education may have come from Olivia, who in at least one notation is listed as a schoolteacher. In fact, Olivia bought a house near the University of Arizona in Tucson so that her sons could complete their education there.

Some of these notes about the Roseveare family come from Nick Martin’s website. Nick writes about George and his wife, Burl, that they were deeply involved in their Christian church, each of them accepting responsible assignments for the progress and maintenance of the church structure and administration.

George and William Roseveare are from the Catharine branch of the family. Their lineage goes: George and William-6, Olivia Roseveare-5, Thomas-4, Catharine Harrison-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)

Jennie Trerise (Robert branch) has researched her father’s ancestors who came from Cornwall to work the copper mines in Montana. Her paternal grandfather was born in Virginia City, Montana, where his father was a miner.

William Blackman who married Vera Flewelling (Betsy branch) and his son, Howard, worked as miners in Idaho and Montana. William is buried in Butte, Montana. I have more research to do on this family yet.


Copper Mining

Copper was the focus of much of George Roseveare’s research. Copper is a complex ore and at first the mining companies were only interested in mining silver and gold. It was easier to acquire and process. Copper ore was a byproduct and the demand for copper was met by the ore mined in Europe where the necessary smelters were also located. Then came the electrical age and the telephone and the demand for copper boomed.

When the demand for copper increased, copper mines in Butte were developed, the processing technology was imported from England and by 1888, Butte, Montana mines were the largest copper producers in the world.

Many Cornish families emigrated to work the gold and silver mines in Butte in the mid-1800s. They were soon followed by a tide of the Irish. The mines were never a great place to work but labor was scarce and laborers attempted to form unions to better their situation. The mining companies, of course, fought the unions and before there were any safeguards by the government, union organizers were frequently beaten and sometimes killed. As the mining companies consolidated into huge monoliths, the unions lost their power.

The emigrant families who came to dig out the ore lived in shacks, usually thrown up around the mine. As the area grew into towns, the smelters for the ore were moved away from populated areas as the smelting process spewed toxic sulphur fumes into the air. Ore was freighted from the mines to the smelters. Copper continued to be mined in Montana through the first half of the 20th century.

Today in the United States, over half of the copper used is recycled copper, as much recycled as is produced from mining annually. We will not run out of copper as there is an abundance in the world and many countries mine it. The greatest demand in the States comes from the building trade, followed by electrical and electronic components.

There are several websites with information about mining in Butte, Montana. (See Copper Applications) The Blackman family was mining in Butte in the 1930s. George Roseveare was working in mining in the Southwest from 1930s on. George worked with small mining companies and most of those mines were played out long ago. As other minerals began to gain interest, methods for extracting those were developed too.

February 2007

Earl Douglass, Geologist, Paleontologist

When I first learned that Earl Douglass, the son of Fernando, was sometimes referred to as Dr. Douglass I thought he was another physician in this large family of many physicians. Then I discovered he was not a physician – he was a geologist. One census listed him as a geologist for a mining company. Then I learned that he had died in Utah so I set about to get his obituary. Did I ever get a surprise!


Earl Douglass was born in Medford, Minnesota on October 23, 1862. He received his early education in the Medford schools and the Pillsbury Academy in Owatonna, Minnesota. He then went to South Dakota, then Dakota, where he worked on a farm, taught school and studied at the University of Dakota and the state agricultural college until 1890. During this period he made his first plant collection for an herbarium at the South Dakota Agricultural College.

In 1890, Douglass went to Mexico on a botanical trip and after his return became assistant to Professor William Trelease at the Missouri Botanical Gardens in Saint Louis. There he studied systematic botany and plant histology at the Shaw School of Botany at Washington University. In 1892 he returned to the South Dakota Agricultural College. Suspended from the college in 1893 for publishing an article exposing corruption in the school, Douglass then went to Iowa State College where he received his B.S. the same year.

From 1894-1900, Douglass conducted geological explorations in western Montana and taught school to pay expenses. There he gathered extensive collections of fossils. Of particular importance was his discovery of various tertiary beds containing extinct mammals and other vertebrates unknown to science. Douglass received his Master of Science degree at the University of Montana in 1899 and taught geology and physical geography there from 1899-1900.

From 1900-1902, Douglass held a fellowship in biology at Princeton University and studied geology, paleontology, osteology, and mammalian anatomy. In l90l he accompanied a Princeton scientific expedition to the region of the Muscleshell River in Montana. During this expedition, he discovered lower “eocene mammals in Ft. Union formations, thus settling a long continued dispute as to the age of these beds.”

In l902, Douglass became associated with the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh, and the museum purchased the extensive collection of fossil remains he had collected in Montana and South Dakota. He continued his work in Montana for the museum during part of l902, and then returned to Pittsburgh. His studies of his collection of fossil remains from Montana appeared in the Annals and Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum between l903 and l9l0.

In l905, Douglass was sent to collect vertebrate and invertebrate fossils in Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, and Idaho and to obtain, if possible, data to solve certain geological problems in that region. On October 29 of that same year Douglass married Pearl Charlotte Goetschius in Sheridan, Montana.

From l907-l924, Douglass devoted himself to the exploration of the fossiliferous strata of the Uinta Basin in northeastern Utah. In l909 he discovered the famous dinosaur quarry near Jensen, Utah. The quarry now forms the nucleus for the present Dinosaur National Monument. Out of this quarry, Douglass collected a large number of fossils, mostly vertebrates, some which were new to science. The fossils included dinosaurs of many families, genera, and species.

Douglass resigned his position with Carnegie Museum in l924 and was employed by the University of Utah to excavate dinosaur bones for their museum. After the bones were transferred to Salt Lake City, Douglass spent two years completing the difficult preliminary work to prepare the bones for mounting after which his employment ended. From this time until his death in l931, Douglass was a consulting geologist for companies engaged in developing oil fields in Utah, Colorado, Arizona and Texas. During this period, he did notable research on oil, oil shale asphalts, and other mineral deposits and left much unpublished material on these subjects.


So if you have ever been to see the wonderful Quarry Exhibit at Dinosaur National Monument in Utah, Earl Douglass, Fernando’s son, discovered that. And if you have ever visited the Carnegie Institute and admired the dinosaur collection, there is a good chance that Earl Douglass worked on that exhibit or provided materials for it. The fossil remains that he discovered in Utah were for the longest dinosaur discovered yet, 27 meters long.

This biography also explains the difference in the locations of their marriage in Montana and the birth of their son in Philadelphia.

Earl was second cousin to Fred Douglass, to CAM and TR Mayberry, to Minerva French Taylor and to Wilfred and Frank Douglass. Do we have a great family, or what!

Lineage: (Earl-5, Fernando-4, Alexander-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)


Follow-up on Last Month’s Story

When I was in Toledo last month I found James Hackstedde’s obituary and it gave the names of his married sisters. One of them was listed in the 2004 Toledo directory. I wrote a letter to her and a week later received a phone call from her daughter, Renee. We had a wonderful chat. Renee told me her mother now lived out of state and that her mother was looking for some pictures of her grandparents for me. So now I have made contact with a living descendant of Catharine Douglass Harrison. I can scarcely believe it. That means that the only line yet to make contact with is Mary Ann Douglass Cramer’s. I am hopeful that this year will bring me closer to that goal.

As wonderful as the internet is in terms of making information available to us- and more is coming on line all the time – there is no substitute for actually going to the county where people lived and looking through the local records.

(Renee’s lineage: Renee-8, Martha-7, Harold-6, Caroline Hackstedde-5, Sarah Moore-4, Catharine Harrison-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)

mentions Earl Douglass.
  Thanks to Teresa Creech for bringing this to my attention.


January 2007

My Trip To Toledo

For several years the only names I carried on my database for descendants of Catharine Douglass Harrison, youngest of the nine Douglass siblings, were the names that Wilfred Douglass had listed in his “Canadian Genealogy” in 1926. He wrote: “The Harrisons…had five children, Thomas Douglass Harrison, Elizabeth Mary Ann, Sarah, Henry and Gilbert.”

Over the years I was able to determine that Elizabeth and Mary Ann were actually two individuals, and that their son, Henry, had died in childhood.

I searched in vain for the children after their father Henry Harrison died in 1869. Probate of his will indicated that there were four children living, Thomas Douglass, and his three sisters, Elizabeth, Mary Ann and Sarah. Information came to light slowly and in bits that did not leave clues for further investigation.

When I came across a listing on the internet for Thomas Douglass Harrison’s children – just a listing with birthdates, no location, that was the first chink in the wall. I kept pecking away at that chink and eventually information began to flow.

Recently I spent two days in the Toledo, Ohio area where I followed up on the information I reported in my October issue of the Douglass Digest. Sarah Harrison married Thomas Moore in Canada and they moved to Ottawa County, Ohio. They lived there for about thirty years and then moved to Gratiot County, Michigan. I stopped in Ottawa County at the Port Clinton library to verify birthdates for the children and found all but the youngest recorded. I checked for any family deaths in the county and found none. Then on to the library in Toledo, which had a good supply of microfilm and many Toledo directories.

I knew that the Hacksteddes, (Caroline Moore, the oldest daughter, married Henry Hackstedde) had nearly all lived in Toledo. I concentrated on searching for marriages and looking for obituaries in the local papers.

Remember my commenting that it was lucky that Noel Hackstedde was just barely old enough to have to register for the WWI draft because that gave me his father’s name? Well, I wondered at that time about him listing his father as Next of Kin on his draft registration. Usually the men listed their mothers or their wives. When Henry Hackstedde appeared in the 1930 census, listed as a widower, living with his second son, Harold, my suspicion that his wife had died before Noel registered deepened, but it was many hours later before I could confirm that.

Her death (February 1916, age 39) is probably the reason that, after exhaustive search of the 1920 census, I have been unable to find Henry or his daughters in that census. The family was broken up and living with others. I eventually found Noel, 20, boarding in Toledo, and Harold, 17, living with his paternal grandparents, William and Emma Hackstedde.

I had death records for Harold Hackstedde and his wife, Dorothy, before I went to Toledo, so I looked up their obituaries and found the names of their children. The obituary of their son, James, however, was a gold mine of information. He and his first wife had seven children. I had hoped to find a living descendant in Ohio, but it appears that nearly all of them had migrated to the west coast. I did however learn the married names of his sisters and that is always a very big find.

This line of the family tree has definitely not petered out. For a while I thought Noel might have died in the War as the draft registration was the last record I could find for him, but then I found him listed with his father in the Toledo Directory in 1948. I have found no indication that he ever married.

My trip to Toledo was successful, not that it answered all my questions, but it supplied me with much information for further investigation.

Check out the family tree for Catharine Douglass Harrison’s family and see how many members are now listed as her descendants and that does not include the current generations.

October 2006

Siblings Across The Border

Catharine, youngest of the nine Douglass siblings born in Montgomery County, NY, was 14 when her father moved to Halton County, Ontario. Tracking Catherine and Henry Harrison’s children has been a difficult job as you have read in previous issues of the Digest (Jan 2000, Jul 2004, Jan 2005, Jul 2005)

Usually if one gets a few good documented clues, then information begins to open up. It has been a long time coming for the Harrisons. I knew that Catharine Douglass Harrison died in 1858 at age 47 when her youngest daughter, Sarah, was only 7. If either of her older daughters, Elizabeth or Mary, was married by that time, I have not been able to find a marriage certificate. With such a young daughter, I expected Henry to need a housekeeper or wife and last year I found a marriage record; he married Ann Hilton, a 30 year old spinster, in 1861. The older children may have been married and out of the home by this time; Sarah would have been 10.

When Henry Harrison died in 1869, Thomas Douglas Harrison was administrator for his father’s estate and recorded that he was the eldest and he and his three sisters were the only heirs. The heirs were not listed by name so I do not know if the sisters were married. Sarah would have been 18 at that time.

I could not find Sarah in the 1871 census. Nor could I find Ann Hilton Harrison.

In 1881 census, Ann Hilton Harrison is living with her aged mother, Rebecca Hilton in Nelson, Halton county. None of the Harrison children are with her.

The first break came when I found Thomas D. Harrison’s wife’s death certificate in Phoenix, Arizona (AZ), along with the death certificates of her daughter Ida and Ida’s husband, Kirkby. But Ida had no children and I could not find them living in Canada before they moved to AZ, so the trail kind of petered out. I kept looking for the Henry W. Harrison who gave information for Ida’s death certificate. He had to be her brother.

The next break came when I found a marriage record for Sarah Harrison, (fa Henry, mo Catharine Harrison), to Thomas Moore. Ordinarily the marriage record should have said Catharine Douglass, but what made me sure I had the right Sarah Harrison (after checking out 5 marriages that weren’t her) was her birthplace, Nelson, Halton county!

I went on to research the Moore family in the usual manner and learned that Sarah and Tom Moore, who married in November 1873, moved that same year to Ottawa County, Ohio (just east of Toledo) where in 1900 census they list 8 children: Caroline, Thomas, Lailly, Edward, Mary, Ida, Augusta, Sylvia. But by 1910 census, they were gone. Gone where?

Needing another name to search for, I went back to the 1900 census. At that time the oldest daughter, Caroline, was listed as married, living with her parents but without a husband in the household, and mother to a three month old son by the name of Noel Hackstedde. That sounded like a good name to search – should not be too many Hacksteddes around. Well, the only thing that saved me from frustration this time was the World War I draft registrations. Noel Hackstedde was just barely old enough to have to register and his registration card gave me his father’s name, Henry, and also where his Uncle Edward was living, because Noel was working for Ed Moore as farm labor – in Michigan! That was one of those shouts-of-exhilaration moments. I not only found Ed Moore in Michigan, but right next door was his father’s family. (So that’s where they went!)

I continued my search for Thomas D. Harrison’s children. There were way too many Thomas and John Harrisons to check out every single marriage record, but I tried something I had not tried before. I searched the birth records for the period when these men would be most likely to have children, putting their names into the search engine as father. In short order I found John Harrison’s children and his wife’s name. The clinching factor here was that John’s middle name was Durlin after his grandfather, John Durlin Smith. Durlin is far less common than Douglas.

John Harrison and Grace Armour married in Hamilton, Ontario in 1898 and in the 1901 census, they had a one year old son, Archibald. Now you might think Archibald would be a good name to search. Wrong. There must have been twenty Archie Harrisons, but I had a pretty firm date of birth, and I found them across the border in Lee county, Illinois on a dairy farm in 1910. That was a surprise because these were city folks I thought. But a man is entitled to try something new. By 1911, however, the Canadian census showed the family back in Dundas, Ontario. They had moved to Illinois in 1903 and back to Ontario in 1911.

The next surprise was finding John’s sister, Blanch (Harrison) and John MacKinnon, and their family in the SAME county, Lee county, Illinois. They had been there since they married (1895) and were naturalized citizens. John MacKinnon was manager of a creamery and perhaps influenced his brother-in-law, John Harrison, to try farming. John Harrison went back to being a produce merchant in Dundas, Ontario, probably with a much greater appreciation for where his goods came from! John MacKinnon continued to manage the creamery in Amboy, Illinois.

Lee county, Ilinois, served up ANOTHER surprise when in the 1900 census I found Kirkby and Ida Townsend, the same Townsends who died in Arizona, also living there. Illinois must have been a stopping place on the way to Arizona. Kirkby was in the creamery business, so he probably encouraged John MacKinnon to join him. It looks like Kirkby and Ida moved to Illinois first, Blanch and John MacKinnon followed shortly after and then John and Grace tried their hand at farming for a while.

Oh, and another pleasant discovery was finding Olivia Harrison, 32, sister to Ida and Blanch and John, living with the Townsends. It was a blessing because the list of children’s names I was working from had her listed as Levia. Obviously the list had been transmitted orally. With the correct name I was able to find her married to Joseph Roseveare in Arizona in 1910.

So it has taken a good many hours of research but at last I am finding these Harrison children. Of Catharine Douglass Harrison’s grandchildren, (those I know about to date) 7 were born in Canada and 7 were born in Ohio. Of her great grandchildren, 7 were born in Canada and 16 were born in the US.

There is more research to do, but now I am getting into a time period where there are more records and the possibility of finding a living descendant of Catharine Douglass Harrison is looking brighter. There just might be someone living not far from me in Ohio.

Check out the genealogy page for Catharine and Henry Harrison’s descendants. I have highlighted the names of the people I have just been writing about. Pay particular attention to the locations where they were born, where their children were born and where they died, and you will see how much they moved around.


Addendum to Last Month

I learned a little more about the Oswald family that Helen Douglass married into in Montreal. James K. and Wm. R. Oswald, born in Scotland, made their first appearance in the Montreal Directory in 1870, ages 20 and 23, respectively, listed as Oswald Brothers, Bleury St.

In 1872, Wm. R. Oswald was one of the petitioners for incorporation of the Montreal Stock Exchange. At its inception it had 40 seats and traded only 800 stocks a day. By 1959 the Montreal stock exchange traded over 10,000 stocks a day and Mr. Weir of Oswald & Drinkwater had replaced Malcolm Oswald as a member of the Stock Exchange. Malcolm Oswald is believed to have died about 1944. His son, Douglass Oswald, married but by 1947 he was no longer living in Montreal and at this time nothing more is known of his whereabouts.

(Lineage: Douglass-6, Helen Oswald-5, Dr. Robert-4, Robert-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)

From a Newspaper Clipping – 1926

Douglas Clan Reunion at LaFargeville

Frank E. Bellinger Elected President at 14th Annual Meeting Held August 12

LaFargeville, Aug. 17 –

The 14th Reunion of the James Douglas clan was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Bellinger at Lafargeville on Thursday, August 12. Fifty two members were present and four visitors. A delicious chicken pie dinner was served. At the business meeting the following officers for the ensuing year were elected: president, Frank E. Bellinger; vice president, Bert E. Gilmore; secretary and treasurer, Mrs. Frank E. Bellinger.

A rising vote of thanks was given Mr. and Mrs. Bellinger for their hospitality and meeting place for picnic next year was left to committee to decide.

The persons who came the farthest to attend were Mr. and Mrs. Clare Lane and Mrs. Charles Lane of East Rochester. The honor of having largest family present went to Mr. and Mrs. Milton Lee of Pillar Point. The oldest person present was Charles C. Emerson of East Rochester, 82 years old, and youngest one present was Shirley Flansburg, not quite two, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Flansburg of Watertown. The couple married the longest were Mr. and Mrs. J.F.(H.) Douglas of Sacket Harbor and youngest married couple present was Mr. and Mrs. Clare Lane of East Rochester.

Mrs. Delia McAfee of Dexter, one of older members of the clan, was greatly missed being unable to attend this year. During the past year death has taken Mrs. Susan Douglas Emerson of East Rochester and Dorothy Lucas, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Lucas of Watertown.

(Editor’s note: Earl Lucas married Elva Luther. Elva had no children and died before their 8th anniversary. The daughter mentioned above who died was from Earl’s second marriage. He and his family were always included in the Douglass reunion.

Elva’s lineage: Elva-6, Emma Luther-5, J.Chester-4, James-3, John-2, Alexander-1)

September 2006

What in the World Happened to Nancy Cramer?

This was the refrain I muttered under my breath during successive searches of the internet.

Nancy was one of Mary Ann Douglass Cramer’s 14 children. (That’s right. Her obituary said that she had 14 children and when she died in 1885, nine were still living.) Nancy had to be out there somewhere!

Last year with the help of a gentleman who answered my query on the Rootsweb message board, I found a marriage record for Nancy Cramer and Everett Bacon. They married on Christmas day in 1866. They are listed in the 1870 census in Clark County, Wisconsin, with a one year old son. In 1880 they were still in Clark County, now with a family of two sons and two daughters. And then nothing. No marriages for the children, no death records for Nancy or Everett in Wisconsin. No cemetery records. Obviously they had moved.

I checked the online databases for the 1900, 1910, 1920 census and found no Everett or Nancy Cramer. Then just because there were no more rocks to turn over (or kick in frustration) I checked the soundex on microfilm for WI, MN, IA, SD, IL, MO, and NE. Nothing. I thought maybe they moved back to Canada.

Then I found a website for Clark County, Wisc. and on that site a biographical history page that gave me Everett’s father’s bio. Orson Bacon was born in VT, moved to NY, married his wife in Elmira, NY, moved to Michigan and then to Wisconsin. Everett was born in Michigan; the family moved to Wisconsin between 1855-1858. I was looking through the pages of this site when I came upon newspaper abstracts and there was an obituary for Everett Bacon! He died in Portland, Oregon. Aha! So that’s where they went.

But I could not find them there. Not in the census nor in any of the vital records.

The obituary said that Everett was a carpenter and joiner and that the morning that he died he had gone to his workshop as usual, had suddenly fallen unconscious and the doctor was called. The doctor quickly diagnosed a stroke and Everett never regained consciousness. He had reportedly suffered a stroke before and had moved to the west coast “for his health”.

There was no death record on the Oregon Death index for Everett even though the paper was very clear that he died in Portland. I was beginning to doubt the accuracy of the obituary when I finally found a record in Portland of a guardianship granted for Ralph and Marion Bacon, the two youngest children. But I could turn up no other records.

In August I visited the brand new Seattle Public Library’s Genealogical section. I did not necessarily expect to find the Bacons in Washington, but figured I would put their name in the search engine as well as others I was looking for. To my surprise, I found Everett’s sons living in Tacoma, WA, around 1890. Charles was listed in 1889 as an expressmen and in 1891 as a painter and Ralph was listed as an expressman.

When I returned home I searched Ancestry’s Washington databases and found Nancy listed in 1890 Tacoma, too; she was running a boarding house, listed as N.A. Cramer. Ancestry.com only has Washington deaths indexed for 1940-1996 and more than likely Nancy died before 1940, so finding her death certificate will have to wait until my next trip to Washington state. Of course, if she remarried and changed her name that will be another long search.

But I am heartened to have made progress. I have compiled the descendant lines of five of the nine Douglass siblings. Progress on Mary Ann’s line has been slow but every so often there is a breakthrough. Finding Nancy in Washington was a good one. Finding Everett’s obituary on the Clark County site was an even better one.

(Nancy’s lineage: Nancy Bacon-4, Mary Ann Cramer-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)


Interesting Tidbits

When our ancestor Alexander Dowglas and Christian Grant were married in Ardclach Parish in 1752, Christian was only 15 years old. I recently learned that until 1920 the law in Scotland allowed brides to marry as young as 12. As a result, couples from England who could not marry under English law, crossed the border into Scotland at Gretna Green to be married by the local blacksmith, referred to as “marriage by anvil.”


The DAR has no record of our John Douglass in their Patriot files, but the volunteer explained that does not mean he did not fight in the Revolutionary War. It just means that no one has claimed him as an ancestor in order to join the DAR.


Wilfred Douglass’ “Canadian Genealogy” of the Douglass family says that Helen Douglass married Malcolm Oswald and lived in Montreal and they had one son named Douglass.

In 1881 when Malcolm was 2, J.K. and W.R. Oswald, brothers born in Scotland, ran a big ad in the Montreal Directory. They were stock brokers and insurance salesmen. They were only in their 30s so they must have come to Canada with considerable means. By 1910 Malcolm was listed as one of their partners. In 1930 the firm became Oswald and Drinkwater. Malcolm was senior partner by this time and another of the five partners was Sydney Grafton. That was a surprise. Sydney was the only son of Jean Grafton, Helen Oswald’s widowed sister. So a little nepotism helped a lad along. In 1943, Malcolm was still listed, but Sydney left the firm in 1939. His mother died that year and he may have transferred to Toronto where she lived.

All of the above information was teased out of the Montreal Directories that are on line. I had about given up finding Douglass Oswald when, in the 1943 directory, I found: W.E.D. Oswald, acct., living at the same address as Malcolm. There’s a good chance he was named for his grandfather, William Oswald, and called Douglass.

(Lineage: Douglass-6, Helen Oswald-5, Dr. Robert-4, Robert-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)

—  Do you have a question you would like answered about the family? Send me a note. I’ll print the answer in the next Digest. ethelmae@aol.com


August 2006

Letter to a Researcher

Dear Anne,

Thank you for the copy of James Palmer’s will. It turned out to be a mixed blessing. When I ordered it, I did not really think he was the father of the family I am researching and at first glance thought, well, we ruled that out. But as I looked at it more closely, there were some similarities in spite of the differences.

His will mentions 4 sons and 4 daughters. My family had 4 sons and 2 daughters. The names are not all the same but some are. Then I realized my James Palmer was enough older than Angeline to have been married before and some of the children in the will could be from a first marriage, (though the will does not mention that). The information that really gives me pause is his wife’s name, Ann.

Is the Ann Palmer I am chasing in Vancouver this man’s wife? And is that same person Angeline Sibbald Palmer? The documentation I have is hanging by a thread: the possibility that the “John Sibley” listed as father on Ann Palmer’s death certificate in Vancouver, BC (mother’s name not listed) is really meant to be “John Sibbald”.

The only thing that gives me hope and keeps me picking away at it (like a scab on your knee you can’t leave alone) is a death certificate in Vancouver for Charles Sibbald Palmer, the same Charles Palmer whose death was noted in the Forest Free Press in Lambton County, Ontario. I had never seen Sibbald used as his middle name until I saw the death certificate. Unfortunately this man had the audacity to drop dead of an aneurysm of the aorta while at work as a teamster and the truncated death certificate has no family information at all! It simply says he was born in Ontario. It does not even give his residence at time of death. I have no inkling that he ever married, so perhaps there was no one to give any information.

Then there is his brother, George Palmer. I was exceedingly pleased to find a marriage record for George in Lambton County with both his parents listed: James Palmer and Angeline Sibbald. George married Corrie Shrier in June 1889. Hers is an unusual name, Corrie not Carrie. That should make it easy to trace, right? Wrong. The only George I could find after 1889 was George Clarence Palmer (first time I’ve seen Clarence) or George C. Palmer, sometimes, and records abound for him. If he is the George in my Palmer family, he married again in Manitoba in 1890, thirteen months after he married Corrie. I looked for a death record for Corrie and found none. I found a death record for his second wife though, in Winnipeg. He married again in 1895.

George Clarence Palmer had three children born in Winnipeg and then he moved to Vancouver, where he lived until he died in 1936. I eagerly looked for his death certificate in the Vancouver library and was left hanging again. The certificate has his parents listed as “unknown”. I have nothing but circumstantial evidence that George Clarence Palmer might be the son of James and Angeline Palmer.

So, Anne, let’s try this. Would you check the cemetery records again for Lambton County? I know that Corrie Shrier’s parents are buried in Arkona cemetery. Is there any possibility that she is buried in their plot and the record is misfiled? Can we check out that cemetery lot that J. Palmer purchased but which has no recorded burials in it. Is there a possibility that the lot was purchased at the time that Corrie might have died?

I am enclosing a check to cover copying and postage and thank you so much for following up on James Palmer’s will for me. I was fascinated with the history of Oil Springs; I never realized Lambton county, Ontario, had oil wells.

Best regards, Ethel


James and Angeline Palmer lived in the Town of Warwick in Lambton County. This is about 15 miles northeast of Oil Springs. The James Palmer whose will I obtained lived in Oil Springs, his occupation: oil operator. It seems that the farmers in that area suddenly found oil coming from their fields. There was even a couple of respectable geysers. For a number of years the community grew rapidly as oil was shipped out but then the wells dried up, the boom was over, and the land reverted to farming. Was James Palmer, oil operator, the James that married Angeline? Or was he an entrepreneur who moved in to take advantage of a growing industry? I just don’t know – yet.

(Lineage for Angeline: Angeline Palmer-4, Lydia Sibbald-3, John-2, Alexander Douglass-1)


Additional Notes

When I wrote last month I was not sure about Martha Flewelling but since then I have accessed her marriage record and, indeed, the Martha who married Archibald McGougan in 1891 in Ingersoll, Ontario, was the daughter of Abel and Betsy Douglass Flewelling. She gave her age as 42 when she married Archie who was 35. In the 1891 census a few months later she was 2 years younger – 40!

In reality she was 52 when she married. It was Archie’s first marriage and since, even at 42, the possibility of Martha giving him sons was pretty slim, this was probably a marriage of convenience. Archie was the oldest of four siblings and if his mother had passed away, he needed a housekeeper. Martha had probably spent many years working for other families in the area, as she was doing when the census of 1871 was taken. By 1891 her parents were dead, all of her brothers had moved to the States and only three sisters remained in the area. Of course there were quite a few nieces and nephews in Oxford County still. A woman had to look to her future security and the oldest son on a farm would surely inherit the land.

Sounds like she made a pretty good deal to me. ###

Check additions to the Biosketches page for:

Alexander Douglass, son of Robert Douglass and Jane McGill

Alexander Frederick Douglass, son of William Douglass and Polly Gaukel

J. Hubert Douglass, son of J. Chester Douglass and Lucilda Cady.